According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics recently, the average annual wage of non-private employees in urban areas in China was 62,029 yuan in 2015, and the average annual wage of employed persons in private units was 39,589 yuan. Compared with the â€œNational Lineâ€, most of the 20 provinces with published data are below the national average.
Non-private wages only out of the country
Among the 20 provinces, the average annual wage of urban non-private workers is the lowest in Henan Province, 45,403 yuan; the highest is Beijing, more than 110,000. The second place in Zhejiang Province is 66,668 yuan. Among the 20 provinces, only Beijing, Zhejiang and Guangdong beat the country. The average annual wage of employed persons in urban private units is only higher than the national level in Beijing, Zhejiang, Guangdong and Chongqing.
Non-private wages are higher than private
Among the 20 provinces that have published data, the average annual wage of non-private units in all provinces is higher than that of private units. Except for Beijing, the biggest gap is Qinghai. The average annual wage of non-private workers is nearly 30,000 yuan more than that of private units. The lowest average annual wage for private sector employees is Jilin, 27,774 yuan; the highest is Beijing, 58689 yuan, which is the only province in the province that has been announced, the only region above 50,000 yuan.
Financial industry wages are generally high
In addition, it is not difficult to find out in the 20 provinces where the data has been published, whether in the private sector or non-private units, in most provinces, financial industry wages generally occupy a high level. From the national data, the financial industry is also one of the most paid industries. In 2015, the highest average annual wage of non-private units in the country was the financial industry, which was 1.85 times the national average; the average annual wage of the private sector and the financial industry ranked third.
1. Affect the upper and lower limits of social security contributions
The average monthly salary of employees includes not only basic wages, bonuses, various allowances and subsidies, but also various expenses that the unit withholds and pays, that is, social insurance premiums and housing accumulation funds withheld by the employer for the employees are also included.
Lawyer Shen Binyu of Beijing Zhongwen Law Firm told the reporter, â€œWith the release of the average salary of employees, the upper and lower limits of the corresponding social security payment base will also be changed and announced soon. Among them, the upper limit of the payment base is based on the monthly average of the employees in the previous year. The 300% of the salary is determined, and the lower limit is determined according to 60% of the average monthly salary of the employee in the previous year. For most of the insured persons whose monthly income is in the two ranges, the monthly average salary of the previous year is used as the payment base.
2. Affect the ceiling of the contribution fund contribution base
In addition to directly determining the social security contribution base, the average wage of employees will also affect the upper limit of the contribution fund base.
Take Beijing as an example to illustrate that the monthly ceiling for the housing provident fund is determined by multiplying 300% of the average monthly wage of employees in Beijing in the previous year, multiplied by the sum of the proportion of the unit and the employee's housing provident fund.
3. Basic pensions affecting retirees
According to the provisions of China's "Social Insurance Law", the basic pension is determined according to factors such as the individual's accumulated payment period, the payment of wages, the average salary of local employees, the amount of personal accounts, and the average life expectancy of urban population.
The state establishes a normal adjustment mechanism for basic pensions, and raises the basic pension insurance benefits according to the average wage increase of employees and rising prices. Therefore, after the new data on the average salary of local employees is announced each year, the basic pension for retirees will be adjusted accordingly.
4. Influencing the formulation of the minimum wage standard
The minimum wage standard is a legal system that guarantees the minimum wage income of workers and is a national standard applicable to the whole industry. According to the unified requirements, there are two methods for calculating the minimum wage: the specific gravity method and the Engel coefficient method. Both methods refer to the local per capita living expenses, the individual social security fund of the employee, the average salary of the city, the economic development level, the unemployment rate, and the maintenance. Six indicators, such as coefficient, comprehensively determine the local minimum wage standard according to different calculation formulas.
5. Influencing the economic compensation capping standard
The â€œaverage wageâ€ will also come in handy when the laborerâ€™s rights are damaged, because it determines the level of economic compensation.
According to the relevant provisions of the Labor Contract Law, if the monthly wage of the employee is higher than the average monthly salary of the employee in the previous year announced by the municipal-level people's government of the employing unit or the district-level people's government, the standard for paying economic compensation shall be The average monthly salary of employees is 3 times, and the maximum period is no more than 12 years.
6. Influencing the scope of tax exemption for economic compensation
For the one-time compensation income (including the economic compensation, living allowance and other subsidy expenses paid by the employer) due to the termination of the labor relationship with the employer, the income is within 3 times of the average salary of the local employees in the previous year. In part, the personal income tax is exempted; the excess is calculated according to the relevant provisions of the Circular of the State Administration of Taxation on the Issue of Individual Income Taxes on Individuals Obtaining Economic Compensation for Dissolving Labor Contracts.
7. Affecting the life care expenses of workers with work injuries
According to the reporter's understanding, according to the provisions of Article 34 of the Regulations on Industrial Injury Insurance, if the injured worker has already assessed the level of disability and confirmed that he needs life care through the labor ability appraisal committee, he will pay the monthly living care fee from the work injury insurance fund.
Life care expenses can not be taken care of according to life, most of the life can not take care of themselves or the living part can not pay for themselves at three different levels. The standard is 50%, 40% or 30% of the average monthly salary of the employees in the previous year.
8. Affected relatives of workers and relatives
According to the provisions of the first paragraph of Article 39 of the Regulations on Industrial Injury Insurance, employees are killed due to work, and their close relatives receive funeral grants, dependent family pensions and one-off workers' death benefits from the Work Injury Insurance Fund in accordance with the following provisions. The funeral subsidy is the average monthly salary of the employee in the six-month district.
If the employeeâ€™s whereabouts are unknown and he is found to be injured at work, his or her treatment is also related to the average salary.
9. Loss of personal injury compensation
If the worker is injured accidentally, there may be a claim for lost time. The amount of this money is also closely related to the average wage.
The Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court on Several Issues Concerning the Application of Law in the Trial of Personal Injury Compensation Cases stipulates that the lost time fee shall be calculated based on the income status of the victim and the time lost. The income status of the victim is determined according to the different circumstances of the victim's fixed income. If there is fixed income, it is calculated based on the actual income. If there is no fixed income, it is calculated based on the average income of the last three years; the victim cannot prove To prove the average income status of the last three years, it can be calculated by referring to the average salary of the employees of the same or similar industry in the previous year.
10. Small lawsuits affecting the final review of the first instance
If there is a lawsuit because of work, some can "finish the first trial," and some have to "finish the second trial," and the "simplification" of this procedure is also related to the average salary.
Article 162 of the Civil Procedure Law of China stipulates that the basic people's courts and their sentencing courts shall hear simple civil cases in accordance with the first paragraph of Article 157 of this Law. The target amount shall be the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government. If the average annual salary of employed persons is less than 30% in the previous year, the first instance shall be finalized.
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