Abstract The â€œMade in China 2025â€ plan, which has received much attention, will be released soon. On April 23, a source involved in the research and drafting of relevant documents disclosed to the reporter of China Times that, in fact, "Made in China 202...The much-watched "Made in China 2025" plan will be released soon. On April 23, a source involved in the research and drafting of relevant documents disclosed to the reporter of China Times that in fact, the "Made in China 2025" planning opinion has been confirmed, and now the process of signing the agreement is going, "the internal department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology must go Process, the ministry must also go."
"The planning opinions have been reviewed and approved at the State Council executive meeting, and the official documents will be made public in the form of the State Council's publication," the source said. According to reports, "Made in China 2025" puts forward the strategy of "three steps" from China's transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power.
The reporter also learned from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology that the plan involves a new generation of information technology, high-end CNC machine tools and robots (60.000, -0.49, -0.81%), aerospace equipment, offshore engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy conservation. Ten areas with new energy vehicles, power equipment, new materials, biomedicine and high-performance medical equipment, and agricultural machinery and equipment.
On April 23, Premier Li Keqiang said during the inspection of Fujian Quanzhou Jiatai CNC Machinery Co., Ltd. that the Chinese economy must maintain a medium-to-high speed for a long time and must move to the middle and high-end. It is necessary to accelerate the promotion of â€œMade in China 2025â€. After learning that Quanzhou had taken the lead in formulating the implementation rules, Li Keqiang also encouraged them to be at the forefront of the country.
In the past month, Li Keqiang has mentioned "Made in China 2025" more than once. On March 25th, Li Keqiang presided over the State Council executive meeting and deployed to accelerate the implementation of "Made in China 2025" to achieve industrial upgrading.
"This executive meeting of the State Council reviewed and approved relevant plans. The Chinese Academy of Engineering began research on this for two years ago," said the source.
According to reports, in 2013, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, together with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, launched a major consulting project on â€œMaking Powerful Country Strategy Researchâ€. Zhou Ji, President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and Zhu Feng, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, served as the team leader, and more than 50 academicians and more than 100 experts participated.
Qu Xianming, a member of the China Manufacturing Institute's â€œMade in China 2025â€ planning and development committee and a member of the China Machinery Industry Federation's expert committee, explained that â€œMade in China 2025â€ means that in the manufacturing sector, China is not only the world's largest country by 2025. It is also necessary to enter the ranks of the world powers.
"China will become the world's No. 1 industrial power and power by 2025. In other words, China is ready to use 10 years to catch up with the industrial manufacturing of countries such as Germany and Japan." Qu Xianming said.
Different from previous development plans, â€œMade in China 2025â€ focuses on the general trend of economic and social development and industrial transformation throughout the world. It not only promotes the transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing, but also responds to the development of new technological revolution. Among them, the realization of high-end development.
"For such a general direction, we do not regard it as a routine industry plan, such as the 13th and 14th, but the 'Made in China 2025', similar to 'German Industry 4.0' The technical name, the difference is reflected in its strategic, long-term, and response to the new technological revolution." Su Bo, deputy minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said at a briefing.
Zhou Ji, the head of the project and the president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said that the far-reaching significance of "Made in China 2025" is to mobilize the whole society to build an overall strategy for building a strong country.
The two-year in-depth study of academician experts has resulted in high-quality, phased results. In 2014, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology became the lead unit. Other divisions include more than 20 relevant departments of the State Council, including the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine.
"The current draft is still a big gap with the drafting plan of the Academy of Engineering. After all, the Academy of Engineering is a scientific research institution. As a macro-control government department will consider the implementation and implementation of policies more. Practical," said an official from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
Divided into "three steps"
Generally speaking, we are still in the industrial 2.0 and 3.0 stages, and there is still a big gap compared with Germany and the United States.
The "Comprehensive Volume of Manufacturing Powerful Country Strategy Research" issued by the Chinese Academy of Engineering recently established a manufacturing strength evaluation index system based on the characteristics of manufacturing power. According to the analysis of this indicator system, among the world's major industrial countries, the US manufacturing industry is far ahead and is in the first phalanx; Germany and Japan are in the second phalanx; China, Britain, France and South Korea are in the third tier.
"In the era of economic globalization, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation are on the rise. China's manufacturing industry is facing the two squeezes and double challenges of the developed countries' superiority and the emerging economies' pursuit of competition." Liu Baicheng, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, accepted Said in an interview with the media.
At the same time, China's manufacturing industry has three major problems: first, the ability to innovate is not strong; second, weak core technology and lack of common technology; third, waste of resources and serious pollution.
Zhu Gaofeng, former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, believes that â€œMade in China 2025â€ is not a specific plan, but a program of action for the whole industry. The goal is to create an upgraded version of China's manufacturing industry. Intelligent, green and service are three development directions. . Generally speaking, China's manufacturing industry needs to â€œreplenish classesâ€.
Our reporter was informed that â€œMade in China 2025â€ proposed a â€œthree-stepâ€ strategy for China to transform from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power: the first decade to enter the ranks of world powers; the second decade to enter the world powers In the third decade, 2045, the leading position in the world powers will eventually become a manufacturing power in the 100th anniversary of the founding of the country.
To this end, the "Made in China 2025" plan proposes nine major tasks, ten key areas and five major projects.
"The plan proposes to improve the innovation capability of the national manufacturing industry, promote the deep integration of informationization and industrialization, strengthen the industrial infrastructure capabilities, strengthen the quality brand building, comprehensively promote green manufacturing, vigorously promote breakthrough development in key areas, deepen the adjustment of manufacturing structure, and actively develop services. Nine major tasks, such as manufacturing and production services, and improving the level of international development of manufacturing," said the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology officials.
In addition, the plan also mentioned â€œpromoting the implementation of five major projects such as the construction of national manufacturing innovation centers, smart manufacturing, industrial strong base, green manufacturing, and high-end equipment innovation.â€
"But from the final draft, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology-led planning is more focused on technological transformation, not from the R&D to industrialization as originally planned by the Institute of Engineering. After all, the functional positioning and capital investment of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is also focused on supporting industrial technology. Transformation, technology research and development is a matter of the Ministry of Science and Technology." A person from the research team told reporters.
The above-mentioned sources suggested that in addition to the master plan, there will be supporting rules, and such a planning system and the division of labor of the ministry will help the plan to be implemented step by step.
Su Bo said that the "Made in China 2025" focus on the specific deployment of the goals and tasks of the first decade. Achieving goals requires mobilizing all forces to advance together. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will promote with the relevant departments. The specific measures include the establishment of a national manufacturing and strengthening country construction leading group, and the implementation of the â€œ1+Xâ€ implementation plan and planning system.
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